As I transition into talking mostly about nutrition based topics, I thought it would be important to talk about one federal agency that I will be referencing quite a bit: the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Like I just stated, the FDA is a federal agency (think: run by the government), that regulates the drug market (prescription, over-the-counter and vaccines), food labeling and safety, cosmetics and tobacco. The FDA is to regulate around 1 trillion U.S. dollars worth of consumer goods.
A brief history: Teddy Roosevelt signed the Food and Drug Act into law in 1906, which then turned into The Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act in 1938 after FDR signed it into law. At the same time, there was a USDA Bureau of Chemistry which oversaw the Food and Drug Act. The USDA Bureau of Chemistry then turned into the FDA in 1930.
In short, the FDA is the organization that rules over a large majority of the products you use or consume every single day.
(Stay tuned for a part two!)